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Academy Literature Update The Academy is pleased to introduce the Literature Update, a regular e-update that lists current research in orthotics and prosthetics. This new member benefit is a result of the work of the Academy's Publications Committee, chaired by Sam Phillips, PhD, CP, FAAOP.

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Literature Update
August 2015

The Academy provides this regular e-update to
raise awareness of current research in orthotics and prosthetics
published outside of the Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics (JPO).

The list below is the result of a search for articles including the terms "orthotic devices" and "artificial limbs" indexed May – July 2015. Where available, links to freely accessible full text versions of the article are provided. Where only a link to the abstract is provided, the full article may be available for purchase. Results have not been edited for style but have been sorted for clinical relevance.

As populations age, the prevalence of degenerative changes in the knee increases and bracing is commonly sought for conservative treatment options for symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA). This study aims to quantify the efficacy of a knee orthosis on patients with pain associated with patellofemoral OA. Subjects were limited to OA patients who primarily had patellofemoral pain and were randomly selected to wear a brace for six weeks. Assessments for pain were completed and MRI studies were obtained for baseline and at the conclusion of brace wear. The MRI studies were to observe the presence and size of bone marrow lesions (BMLs) in the knee compartments. BMLs are areas of microfracture and fibrosis under the bone surface and are thought to be caused by localized areas of stress that are common in malalignment of joint surfaces. The orthosis utilized was an off-the-shelf sleeve model with an optional patellar strap. On average, the brace group reported wearing the brace for 7.5 hours, and only one third of the brace participants chose to utilize the patellar strap. Out of the total 126 participants, the braced group had a significant improvement in their activity-related pain when compared to the non-brace group. Furthermore, the braced group showed a significant decrease in the volume of BMLs in the patellofemoral compartment when compared to the non-braced group. The researchers related this decreased in lesions to the brace providing improved positioning in the patellar groove to reduce the areas of localized stress.

Use the quick links below to jump to each category.

The individual article format and availability
(either freely accessible full text or abstract form) is at the discretion of the article's respective publisher.


Full Text Articles
Lower Limb Prosthetics
Upper Limb Prosthetics
Lower Limb Orthotics
Upper Limb Orthotics
Pediatrics
Spinal Orthotics


Full Text Articles

A randomised trial of a brace for patellofemoral osteoarthritis targeting knee pain and bone marrow lesions
Callaghan MJ, Parkes MJ, Hutchinson CE, Gait AD, Forsythe LM, Marjanovic EJ, Lunt M, Felson DT.
Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Jun;74(6):1164-70. Epub 2015 Jan 16.
PMID: 25596158 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Lower Limb Prosthetics

The prototype of a thermoregulatory system for measurement and control of temperature inside prosthetic socket
(abstract only)
Ghoseiri K, Zheng YP, Hing LL, Safari MR, Leung AK.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Jun 11. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 26068464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Intuitive control of a powered prosthetic leg during ambulation: a randomized clinical trial
(abstract only)
Hargrove LJ, Young AJ, Simon AM, Fey NP, Lipschutz RD, Finucane SB, Halsne EG, Ingraham KA, Kuiken TA.
JAMA. 2015 Jun 9;313(22):2244-52. doi: 10.1001/jama.2015.4527.
PMID: 26057285 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Why people in Benin are reluctant to undergo amputations? A systematic inventory of motives
(abstract only)
Zounon O, Hans-Moevi Akué A, Cohovi Quenum G, Clay Sorum P, Mullet E.
J Health Psychol. 2015 May 25. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 26009569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

The importance of aerodynamics for prosthetic limb design used by competitive cyclists with an amputation: An introduction
(abstract only)
Dyer B.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Jun;39(3):232-7. Epub 2014 Apr 1.
PMID: 24692061 [PubMed - in process]


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Upper Limb Prosthetics

Advanced prosthetics provide more functional limbs
(no abstract available)
Jacob JA.
JAMA. 2015 Jun 9;313(22):2209-11.
PMID: 26057268 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Providing a sense of touch to prosthetic hands
(abstract only)
Nghiem BT, Sando IC, Gillespie RB, McLaughlin BL, Gerling GJ, Langhals NB, Urbanchek MG, Cederna PS.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Jun;135(6):1652-63.
PMID: 26017599 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Lower Limb Orthotics

A randomised trial of a brace for patellofemoral osteoarthritis targeting knee pain and bone marrow lesions
(full text)
Callaghan MJ, Parkes MJ, Hutchinson CE, Gait AD, Forsythe LM, Marjanovic EJ, Lunt M, Felson DT.
Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Jun;74(6):1164-70. Epub 2015 Jan 16.
PMID: 25596158 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The effect of changing plantarflexion resistive moment of an articulated ankle-foot orthosis on ankle and knee joint angles and moments while walking in patients post stroke
(abstract only)
Kobayashi T, Singer ML, Orendurff MS, Gao F, Daly WK, Foreman KB.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2015 Jun 26. pii: S0268-0033(15)00178-3. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 26149007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

A comparison of different over-the-counter foot orthotic devices on multi-segment foot biomechanics
(abstract only)
Ferber R, Hettinga BA.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 May 26. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 26015327 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Foot orthoses do not affect crank power output during maximal exercise on a cycle-ergometer
(abstract only)
Yeo BK, Rouffet DM, Bonanno DR.
J Sci Med Sport. 2015 May 9. pii: S1440-2440(15)00097-3. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 26004120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Reducing the energy cost of human walking using an unpowered exoskeleton
(abstract only)
Collins SH, Wiggin MB, Sawicki GS.
Nature. 2015 Jun 11;522(7555):212-5. Epub 2015 Apr 1.
PMID: 25830889 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Effects of Right Lower Limb Orthopedic Immobilization on Braking Function: An On-The-Road Experimental Study With Healthy Volunteers
(abstract only)
Murray JC, Tremblay MA, Corriveau H, Hamel M, Cabana F.
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2015 Jul-Aug;54(4):554-8. Epub 2014 Nov 27.
PMID: 25435008 [PubMed - in process]

Response: Tuning of rigid ankle-foot orthoses is essential
(no abstract available)
Eddison N, Chockalingam N.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Jun;39(3):260. Epub 2014 Apr 1.
PMID: 24692059 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Upper Limb Orthotics

No search results were found in this category.



Pediatrics

Mild angle early onset idiopathic scoliosis children avoid progression under FITS method (Functional Individual Therapy of Scoliosis)
(no abstract available)
Białek M.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 May;94(20):e863.
PMID: 25997065 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Response: Tuning of rigid ankle-foot orthoses is essential
(no abstract available)
Eddison N, Chockalingam N.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Jun;39(3):260. Epub 2014 Apr 1.
PMID: 24692059 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Spinal Orthotics

No search results were found in this category.


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