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Academy Literature Update The Academy is pleased to introduce the Literature Update, a regular e-update that lists current research in orthotics and prosthetics. This new member benefit is a result of the work of the Academy's Publications Committee, chaired by Sam Phillips, PhD, CP, FAAOP.

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The Academy provides this regular e-update to
raise awareness of current research in orthotics and prosthetics
published outside of the Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics (JPO).

The list below is the result of a search for articles including the terms
"orthotic devices" and "artificial limbs" indexed July – December 2014.
Where available, links to freely accessible full text versions of the article are provided. Where only a link to the abstract is provided, the full article may be available for purchase. Results have not been edited for style but have been sorted for clinical relevance.

Robotic devices have become useful in the O&P field but still must overcome some major hurdles. These devices need enhancements in mechanical design and with their control strategies to allow seamless integration with the user’s musculoskeletal system. This article reviews control strategy techniques and, more importantly, proposes a general framework to better understand all aspects of how to create a system to work well with the human body. Robotic devices are capable of reducing gait deviations and energy expenditure by creating symmetry, but need many different systems to work in concert. Not only do the systems need to be capable of all aspects of real world usage, but also must incorporate top-level safety measures. The proposed framework takes into account the user of the device, the user’s environment, as well as the controller and the device—all incorporate many levels of detail to create the final system. The development of these systems is a multidisciplinary collaboration that will further help those in need. The authors detail every aspect of each designation, delving into the various controllers needed for this state-of-the-art technology. The authors present all of the advancements in the field, but also highlight the goals that have yet to be achieved.

Use the quick links below to jump to each category.

The individual article format and availability
(either freely accessible full text or abstract form) is at the discretion of the article's respective publisher.


Full Text Articles
Lower Limb Prosthetics
Upper Limb Prosthetics
Lower Limb Orthotics
Upper Limb Orthotics
Pediatrics
Spinal Orthotics


Full Text Articles

A Robot Hand Testbed Designed for Enhancing Embodiment and Functional Neurorehabilitation of Body Schema in Subjects with Upper Limb Impairment or Loss
Hellman RB, Chang E, Tanner J, Helms Tillery SI, Santos VJ.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2015 Feb 19;9:26. eCollection 2015.
PMID: 25745391 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Control strategies for active lower extremity prosthetics and orthotics: A review
Tucker MR, Olivier J, Pagel A, Bleuler H, Bouri M, Lambercy O, Millán Jdel R, Riener R, Vallery H, Gassert R.
J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2015 Jan 5;12(1):1.
PMID: 25557982 [PubMed - in process]

Effect of Foot Orthoses on Children With Lower Extremity Growing Pains
Lee HJ, Lim KB, Yoo J, Yoon SW, Jeong TH.
Ann Rehabil Med. 2015 Apr;39(2):285-93. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
PMID: 25932426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Effect of Pneumatic Compressing Powered Orthosis in Stroke Patients: Preliminary Study
Kim ES, Yoon YS, Sohn MK, Kwak SH, Choi JH, Oh JS.
Ann Rehabil Med. 2015 Apr;39(2):226-33. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
PMID: 25932419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Immediate effects of an elastic arm sling on walking patterns of chronic stroke patients
Hwang YI, An DH.
J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Jan;27(1):35-7. Epub 2015 Jan 9.
PMID: 25642032 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Lower Limb Prosthetics

Novel applications of osseointegration in orthopedic limb salvage surgery
(abstract only)
Monument MJ, Lerman DM, Randall RL.
Orthop Clin North Am. 2015 Jan;46(1):77-87. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2014.09.013. Epub 2014 Oct 22.
PMID: 25435037 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Modeling the effect of a prosthetic limb on 4-km pursuit performance
(abstract only)
Childers WL, Gallagher TP, Duncan JC, Taylor DK.
Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2015 Jan;10(1):3-10. Epub 2014 May 2.
PMID: 24806577 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Interface stress in socket/residual limb with transtibial prosthetic suspension systems during locomotion on slopes and stairs
(abstract only)
Eshraghi A, Abu Osman NA, Gholizadeh H, Ali S, Abas WA.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Jan;94(1):1-10.
PMID: 24919079 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Cross-Cultural Validity and Differential Item Functioning of the Orthotics and Prosthetics Users' Survey With Swedish and United States Users of Lower-Limb Prosthesis
(abstract only)
Jarl G, Heinemann AW, Lindner HY, Norling Hermansson LM.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Mar 21. pii: S0003-9993(15)00244-0. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 25804528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Gait adaptations of transfemoral prosthesis users across multiple walking tasks
(abstract only)
Kendell C, Lemaire ED, Kofman J, Dudek N.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Feb 24. pii: 0309364614568410. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 25715381 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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Upper Limb Prosthetics

A Robot Hand Testbed Designed for Enhancing Embodiment and Functional Neurorehabilitation of Body Schema in Subjects with Upper Limb Impairment or Loss
(full text)
Hellman RB, Chang E, Tanner J, Helms Tillery SI, Santos VJ.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2015 Feb 19;9:26. eCollection 2015.
PMID: 25745391 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Development of a control system for artificially rehabilitated limbs: A review
(abstract only)
Bhuiyan MS, Choudhury IA, Dahari M.
Biol Cybern. 2015 Apr;109(2):141-62. Epub 2014 Dec 10.
PMID: 25745391 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Lower Limb Orthotics

Control strategies for active lower extremity prosthetics and orthotics: A review
(full text)
Tucker MR, Olivier J, Pagel A, Bleuler H, Bouri M, Lambercy O, Millán Jdel R, Riener R, Vallery H, Gassert R.
J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2015 Jan 5;12(1):1.
PMID: 25557982 [PubMed - in process]

Effect of Foot Orthoses on Children With Lower Extremity Growing Pains
(full text)
Lee HJ, Lim KB, Yoo J, Yoon SW, Jeong TH.
Ann Rehabil Med. 2015 Apr;39(2):285-93. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
PMID: 25932426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Effect of Pneumatic Compressing Powered Orthosis in Stroke Patients: Preliminary Study
(full text)
Kim ES, Yoon YS, Sohn MK, Kwak SH, Choi JH, Oh JS.
Ann Rehabil Med. 2015 Apr;39(2):226-33. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
PMID: 25932419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Ilfeld abduction orthosis is an effective second-line treatment after failure of Pavlik harness for infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip
(abstract only)
Sankar WN, Nduaguba A, Flynn JM.
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Feb 18;97(4):292-7.
PMID: 25695980 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Do laterally wedged insoles or valgus braces unload the medial compartment of the knee in patients with osteoarthritis?
(abstract only)
Duivenvoorden T, van Raaij TM, Horemans HL, Brouwer RW, Bos PK, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Verhaar JA, Reijman M.
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 Jan;473(1):265-74. Epub 2014 Sep 30.
PMID: 25267266 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Dorsiflexion assist orthosis reduces the physiological cost and mitigates deterioration in strength and balance associated with walking in people with multiple sclerosis
(abstract only)
McLoughlin JV, Lord SR, Barr CJ, Crotty M, Sturnieks DL.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Feb;96(2):226-232.e1. Epub 2014 Sep 28.
PMID: 25264109 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Reduction of frontal-plane hip joint reaction force via medio-lateral foot center of pressure manipulation: a pilot study
(abstract only)
Solomonow-Avnon D, Wolf A, Herman A, Rozen N, Haim A.
J Orthop Res. 2015 Feb;33(2):261-9. Epub 2014 Sep 25.
PMID: 25256253 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Short-term cortical plasticity associated with feedback-error learning after locomotor training in a patient with incomplete spinal cord injury
(abstract only)
Chisholm AE, Peters S, Borich MR, Boyd LA, Lam T.
Phys Ther. 2015 Feb;95(2):257-66. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20130522. Epub 2014 Sep 18.
PMID: 25234276 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Use of nondrug, nonoperative interventions by community-dwelling people with hip and knee osteoarthritis
(abstract only)
Hinman RS, Nicolson PJ, Dobson FL, Bennell KL.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2015 Feb;67(2):305-9.
PMID: 25048646 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Investigations on postural stability and spatiotemporal parameters of human gait using developed wearable smart insole
(abstract only)
Das R, Kumar N.
J Med Eng Technol. 2015 Jan;39(1):75-8. Epub 2014 Oct 28.
PMID: 25350821 [PubMed - in process]

Dorsiflexion assist orthosis reduces the physiological cost and mitigates deterioration in strength and balance associated with walking in people with multiple sclerosis
(abstract only)
McLoughlin JV, Lord SR, Barr CJ, Crotty M, Sturnieks DL.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Feb;96(2):226-232.e1. Epub 2014 Sep 28.
PMID: 25264109[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Effectiveness of orthotic devices in the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy: A systematic review
(abstract only)
Scott LA, Munteanu SE, Menz HB.
Sports Med. 2015 Jan;45(1):95-110.
PMID: 25108348 [PubMed - in process]

The efficacy of powered orthoses on walking in persons with paraplegia
(abstract only)
Arazpour M, Hutchins SW, Ahmadi Bani M.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Apr;39(2):90-9. doi: 10.1177/0309364613520031. Epub 2014 Feb 18.
PMID: 24549210 [PubMed - in process]

Evaluation of the mechanical efficiency of knee braces based on computational modeling
(abstract only)
Pierrat B, Molimard J, Navarro L, Avril S, Calmels P.
Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2015;18(6):646-61. Epub 2013 Sep 19.
PMID: 24050812 [PubMed - in process]

The efficiency of orthotic interventions on energy consumption in paraplegic patients: a literature review
(abstract only)
Arazpour M, Samadian M, Bahramizadeh M, Joghtaei M, Maleki M, Ahmadi Bani M, Hutchins SW.
Spinal Cord. 2015 Jan 20. doi: 10.1038/sc.2014.227. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 25600308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Pedorthic management of the diabetic foot
(abstract only)
Janisse D, Janisse E.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Feb;39(1):40-7.
PMID: 25614500[PubMed - in process]

A comparison of orthoses in the treatment of idiopathic toe walking: A randomized controlled trial
(abstract only)
Herrin K, Geil M.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Jan 27. pii: 0309364614564023. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 25628380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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Upper Limb Orthotics

Immediate effects of an elastic arm sling on walking patterns of chronic stroke patients
(full text)
Hwang YI, An DH.
J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Jan;27(1):35-7. Epub 2015 Jan 9.
PMID: 25642032 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Effects and effectiveness of dynamic arm supports: A technical review
(abstract only)
van der Heide LA, Gelderblom GJ, de Witte LP.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Jan;94(1):44-62.
PMID: 24901759 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Pediatrics

Ilfeld abduction orthosis is an effective second-line treatment after failure of Pavlik harness for infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip
(abstract only)
Sankar WN, Nduaguba A, Flynn JM.
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Feb 18;97(4):292-7.
PMID: 25695980 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Re. Outcome analysis after helmet therapy using 3D photogrammetry in patients with deformational plagiocephaly: The role of root mean square
(no abstract available)
Lemon TI.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2015 Jan;68(1):121-2. Epub 2014 Mar 4.
PMID: 24636897 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Prevention of deformational plagiocephaly in hospitalized infants using a new orthotic device
(abstract only)
DeGrazia M, Giambanco D, Hamn G, Ditzel A, Tucker L, Gauvreau K.
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2015 Jan-Feb;44(1):28-41. doi: 10.1111/1552-6909.12523. Epub 2015 Jan 8.
PMID: 25573141 [PubMed - in process]


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Spinal Orthotics

An advanced compliance monitor for patients undergoing brace treatment for idiopathic scoliosis
(abstract only)
Chalmers E, Lou E, Hill D, Zhao HV.
Med Eng Phys. 2015 Feb;37(2):203-9. Epub 2015 Jan 22.
PMID: 25619614 [PubMed - in process]


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