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Academy Literature Update The Academy is pleased to introduce the Literature Update, a regular e-update that lists current research in orthotics and prosthetics. This new member benefit is a result of the work of the Academy's Publications Committee, chaired by Sam Phillips, PhD, CP, FAAOP.

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Literature Update
April 2016

The Academy provides this regular e-update to raise awareness of current research in orthotics and prosthetics published outside of the Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics (JPO).

The list below is the result of a search for articles including the terms "orthotic devices" and "artificial limbs" indexed December 2015 – March 2016. Where available, links to freely accessible full text versions of the article are provided. Where only a link to the abstract is provided, the full article may be available for purchase. Results have not been edited for style but have been sorted for clinical relevance.

Blount's disease is a condition characterized by a varus deformity of the proximal tibia typically observed in young children. Researchers at the University of São Paulo have published results from a retrospective analysis of treatment outcomes for children diagnosed with Blount's disease who were treated in a brace. The study reports on 10 patients (15 limbs) who were treated between 2010 and 2014. The average age of subjects was 2.5 years, and they wore the brace for a duration of one-to-two years depending on age and progress. The brace custom fit to each patient was a non-articulated, low-temperature polymer split made by an occupational therapist based on three-point pressures to diminish the varus angulation. The braces were prescribed to be worn at night and for eight hours during the day. The researchers reported a statistically significant improvement of the deformity in patients younger than three years of age with the application of the brace. Patients older than three years of age did not show benefit from the orthosis, and there were no significant differences in results based on gender or laterality.

Use the quick links below to jump to each category.

The individual article format and availability
(either freely accessible full text or abstract form) is at the discretion of the article's respective publisher.


Full Text Articles
Lower Limb Prosthetics
Upper Limb Prosthetics
Lower Limb Orthotics
Upper Limb Orthotics
Pediatrics
Spinal Orthotics


Full Text Articles

'Trial and error...', '...happy patients' and '...an old toy in the cupboard': a qualitative investigation of factors that influence practitioners in their prescription of foot orthoses
Williams AE, Martinez-Santos A, McAdam J, Nester CJ.
J Foot Ankle Res. 2016 Mar 22;9:11.
PMID:27006703 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Management of Infantile Blount's Disease with Molded Orthoses: A New Perspective
Montenegro NB, Massa BS, de Angeli LR.
Acta Ortop Bras. 2016 Mar-Apr;24(2):85-9.
PMID: 26981042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Wireless Cortical Brain-Machine Interface for Whole-Body Navigation in Primates
Rajangam S, Tseng PH, Yin A, Lehew G, Schwarz D, Lebedev MA, Nicolelis MA.
Sci Rep. 2016 Mar 3;6:22170.
PMID: 26938468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

The Effects of Shoulder Slings on Balance in Patients With Hemiplegic Stroke
Sohn MK, Jee SJ, Hwang P, Jeon Y, Lee H.
Ann Rehabil Med. 2015 Dec;39(6):986-94.
PMID: 26798614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

The STAP-study: The (cost) effectiveness of custom made orthotic insoles in the treatment for plantar fasciopathy in general practice and sports medicine: design of a randomized controlled trial
Rasenberg N, Fuit L, Poppe E, Kruijsen-Terpstra AJ, Gorter KJ, Rathleff MS, van Veldhoven PL, Bindels PJ, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, van Middelkoop M.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Jan 16;17(1):31.
PMID: 26772739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Medicare Program; Prior Authorization Process for Certain Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics, and Supplies. Final rule.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.
Fed Regist. 2015 Dec 30;80(250):81673-707.
PMID: 26717582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

The role of functionality in the body model for self-attribution
Aymerich-Franch L, Ganesh G.
Neurosci Res. 2016 Mar;104:31-7
PMID: 26602981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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Lower Limb Prosthetics

Medicare Program; Prior Authorization Process for Certain Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics, and Supplies. Final rule.
(full text)
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.
Fed Regist. 2015 Dec 30;80(250):81673-707.
PMID: 26717582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Use of the Houghton Scale to Classify Community and Household Walking Ability in People With Lower-Limb Amputation: Criterion-Related Validity
(abstract only)
Wong CK, Gibbs W, Chen ES.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Feb 10. pii: S0003-9993(16)00090-3.
PMID: 26874230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Self-Reported Cognitive Concerns in People With Lower Limb Loss
(abstract only)
Morgan SJ, Kelly VE, Amtmann D, Salem R, Hafner BJ.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Feb 1. pii: S0003-9993(16)00045-9.
PMID: 26836953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Improved Weight-Bearing Symmetry for Transfemoral Amputees During Standing Up and Sitting Down With a Powered Knee-Ankle Prosthesis
(abstract only)
Simon AM, Fey NP, Ingraham KA, Finucane SB, Halsne EG, Hargrove LJ.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Dec 11. pii: S0003-9993(15)01473-2.
PMID: 26686876 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Reconstruction After Tumor Resection in the Growing Child
(abstract only)
Groundland JS, Binitie O.
Orthop Clin North Am. 2016 Jan;47(1):265-81.
PMID: 26614940 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Characterisation of dynamic couplings at lower limb residuum/socket interface using 3D motion capture
(abstract only)
Tang J, McGrath M, Laszczak P, Jiang L, Bader DL, Moser D, Zahedi S.
Med Eng Phys. 2015 Dec;37(12):1162-8.
PMID: 26525779 [PubMed - in process]

Prosthetic Rehabilitation After Hip Disarticulation or Hemipelvectomy
(abstract only)
Kralovec ME, Houdek MT, Andrews KL, Shives TC, Rose PS, Sim FH.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Dec;94(12):1035-40.
PMID: 25888656 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Gait adaptations of transfemoral prosthesis users across multiple walking tasks
(abstract only)
Kendell C, Lemaire ED, Kofman J, Dudek N.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2016 Feb;40(1):89-95.
PMID: 25715381 [PubMed - in process]

Application of the rubber hand illusion paradigm: Comparison between upper and lower limbs
(abstract only)
Flögel M, Kalveram KT, Christ O, Vogt J.
Psychol Res. 2016 Mar;80(2):298-306.
PMID: 25656162 [PubMed - in process]


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Upper Limb Prosthetics

Wireless Cortical Brain-Machine Interface for Whole-Body Navigation in Primates
(full text)
Rajangam S, Tseng PH, Yin A, Lehew G, Schwarz D, Lebedev MA, Nicolelis MA.
Sci Rep. 2016 Mar 3;6:22170.
PMID: 26938468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

The role of functionality in the body model for self-attribution
(full text)
Aymerich-Franch L, Ganesh G.
Neurosci Res. 2016 Mar;104:31-7
PMID: 26602981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Clinicians Embrace 3D Printers to Solve Unique Clinical Challenges
(no abstract available)
Kuehn BM.
JAMA. 2016 Jan 26;315(4):333-5.
PMID: 26813194 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Using Wearable Sensors and Machine Learning Models to Separate Functional Upper Extremity Use From Walking-Associated Arm Movements
(abstract only)
McLeod A, Bochniewicz EM, Lum PS, Holley RJ, Emmer G, Dromerick AW.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Feb;97(2):224-31.
PMID: 26435302 [PubMed - in process for MEDLINE]


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Lower Limb Orthotics

'Trial and error...', '...happy patients' and '...an old toy in the cupboard': a qualitative investigation of factors that influence practitioners in their prescription of foot orthoses
(full text)
Williams AE, Martinez-Santos A, McAdam J, Nester CJ.
J Foot Ankle Res. 2016 Mar 22;9:11.
PMID:27006703 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Management of Infantile Blount's Disease with Molded Orthoses: A New Perspective
(full text)
Montenegro NB, Massa BS, de Angeli LR.
Acta Ortop Bras. 2016 Mar-Apr;24(2):85-9.
PMID: 26981042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

The STAP-study: The (cost) effectiveness of custom made orthotic insoles in the treatment for plantar fasciopathy in general practice and sports medicine: design of a randomized controlled trial
(full text)
Rasenberg N, Fuit L, Poppe E, Kruijsen-Terpstra AJ, Gorter KJ, Rathleff MS, van Veldhoven PL, Bindels PJ, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, van Middelkoop M.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Jan 16;17(1):31.
PMID: 26772739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

The effect of orthotic devices on knee adduction moment, pain and function in medial compartment knee osteoarthritis: A literature review
(abstract only)
Baghaei Roodsari R, Esteki A, Aminian G, Ebrahimi I, Mousavi ME, Majdoleslami B, Bahramian F.
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2016 Mar 15:1-9.
PMID: 26980073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Finite element model-based evaluation of tissue stress variations to fabricate corrective orthosis in feet with neutral subtalar joint
(abstract only)
Paul S, Vijayakumar R, Mathew L, Sivarasu S.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2016 Mar 15.
PMID: 26979816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Rehabilitation issues in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
(abstract only)
Kenis-Coskun O, Matthews DJ.
J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2016 Feb 27;9(1):31-4.
PMID: 26966798 [PubMed - in process]

Suggested Guidelines for the Prescription of Orthotic Services, Device Delivery, Education, and Follow-up Care: A Multidisciplinary White Paper
(abstract only)
Fisk JR, DeMuth S, Campbell J, DiBello T, Esquenazi A, Lin RS, Malas B, McGuigan FX, Fise TF.
Mil Med. 2016 Feb;181(2 Suppl):11-7.
PMID:26835739 [PubMed - in process]

Ottawa Panel Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Foot Care in the Management of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
(abstract only)
Brosseau L, Toupin-April K, Wells G, Smith CA, Pugh AG, Stinson JN, Duffy CM, Gifford W, Moher D, Sherrington C, Cavallo S, De Angelis G, Loew L, Rahman P, Marcotte R, Taki J, Bisaillon J, King J, Coda A, Hendry GJ, Gauvreau J, Hayles M, Hayles K, Feldman B, Kenny GP, Li JX, Briggs AM, Martini R, Feldman DE, Maltais DB, Tupper S, Bigford S, Bisch M.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Dec 18. pii: S0003-9993(15)01480-X.
PMID:PMID:26707409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Treatment of Peroneal Nerve Injuries in the Multiligament Injured/Dislocated Knee
(abstract only)
O'Malley MP, Pareek A, Reardon P, Krych A, Stuart MJ, Levy BA.
J Knee Surg. 2015 Dec 18.
PMID: 26683981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

[Orthotic Supply after Complex Trauma of the Foot]
(abstract only)
Roll C, Tietz S, Kinner B.
Z Orthop Unfall. 2015 Dec;153(6):630-5.
PMID: 26670146 [PubMed - in process]

Treatment of the diabetic foot by offloading: A systematic review
(abstract only)
de Oliveira AL, Moore Z.
J Wound Care. 2015 Dec;24(12):560, 562-70.
PMID: 26654736 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Use of a Textured Insole to Improve the Association Between Postural Balance and Ankle Discrimination in Young Male and Female Dancers
(abstract only)
Steinberg N, Waddington G, Adams R, Karin J, Tirosh O.
Med Probl Perform Art. 2015 Dec;30(4):217-23.
PMID: 26614976 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Bagherzadeh Cham et al. Prosth Orthot Int 2014; 38: 310-315
(no abstract available)
Dillon MP, Hodge MC.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Dec;39(6):517-8.
PMID: 26205673 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Do orthotic walkers affect knee and hip function during gait?
(abstract only)
Richards J, Payne K, Myatt D, Chohan A.
Prosthet Orthot Int. 2016 Feb;40(1):137-41.
PMID: 25239143 [PubMed - in process]


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Upper Limb Orthotics

The Effects of Shoulder Slings on Balance in Patients With Hemiplegic Stroke
(full text)
Sohn MK, Jee SJ, Hwang P, Jeon Y, Lee H.
Ann Rehabil Med. 2015 Dec;39(6):986-94.
PMID: 26798614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Brain-robot interface driven plasticity: Distributed modulation of corticospinal excitability
(abstract only)
Kraus D, Naros G, Bauer R, Leão MT, Ziemann U, Gharabaghi A.
Neuroimage. 2016 Jan 15;125:522-32.
PMID: 26505298 [PubMed - in process]

Combined Clinic-Home Approach for Upper Limb Robotic Therapy After Stroke: A Pilot Study
(abstract only)
Kim GJ, Rivera L, Stein J.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Dec;96(12):2243-8.
PMID: 26189202 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Spinal Orthotics

The ability of external immobilizers to restrict movement of the cervical spine: A systematic review
(abstract only)
Holla M, Huisman JM, Verdonschot N, Goosen J, Hosman AJ, Hannink G.
Eur Spine J. 2016 Mar 31.
PMID:27032640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher


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Pediatrics

Long-term results of remodelling the facial bones with a soft moulding helmet in beagles: the "reciprocally stimulated growth" hypothesis.
(abstract only)
Lim H, Chung J, Park DH, Yoon SH.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Jan;54(1):40-5.
PMID: 26621214 [PubMed - in process]


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